Self-Employment Tax Rate for 2019: A Comprehensive Guide

Self-employment tax is a crucial aspect of financial planning for individuals who work for themselves. Understanding the self-employment tax rate and its implications is essential for accurate tax filing and financial management. This article delves into the intricacies of the self-employment tax rate, providing a comprehensive overview for self-employed individuals.

What is Self-Employment Tax?

Self-employment tax is a specific type of tax that encompasses Social Security and Medicare taxes. It is primarily levied on individuals who are self-employed, such as sole proprietors, independent contractors, and freelancers. Similar to the Social Security and Medicare taxes withheld from the wages of most salaried employees, self-employment tax is calculated and paid by the self-employed individual.

Self-Employment Tax Rate

The self-employment tax rate for 2019 is 15.3%. This rate is comprised of two distinct components:

  • 12.4% for Social Security (Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance)
  • 2.9% for Medicare (Hospital Insurance)

Calculating Self-Employment Tax

To calculate your self-employment tax, you must first determine your net earnings from self-employment. This involves subtracting allowable business expenses from your gross income. The resulting net earnings are then subject to the 15.3% self-employment tax rate.


If your net earnings from self-employment for 2019 were $50,000, your self-employment tax liability would be calculated as follows:


Net Earnings: $50,000Self-Employment Tax Rate: 15.3%Self-Employment Tax Liability: $50,000 x 15.3% = $7,650

Additional Medicare Tax

In addition to the standard self-employment tax rate, there is also an additional Medicare tax of 0.

Self Employment Tax – Income Tax 2018 2019


What are the 2019 IRS rates?

Interest categories
4th quarter (Oct–Dec)
1st quarter (Jan–Mar)
Corporate overpayment
Underpayment (corporate and non-corporate)
​GATT (part of a corporate overpayment exceeding $10,000)
Large corporate underpayment (LCU)

Why is 30% tax for self-employed?

That “30% rule of thumb” comes from the fact that self-employment income is taxed at an additional 15.3% to make sure that self-employed people still pay Medicare and Social Security tax.

What is the IRS self-employed rate?

The law sets the self-employment tax rate as a percentage of your net earnings from self-employment. This rate consists of 12.4% for Social Security and 2.9% for Medicare taxes.

What is the self-employment tax rate?

The law sets the self-employment tax rate as a percentage of your net earnings from self-employment. This rate consists of 12.4% for Social Security and 2.9% for Medicare taxes. Additional Medicare tax applies to self-employment income above a threshold.

What is the tax rate for self-employment in 2022?

For 2022, the self-employment tax rate is 15.3% on net earnings. The tax is divided into two parts: 12.4% goes toward Social Security and 2.9% goes to Medicare. The first $147,000 of your total net earnings, wages and tips are subject to Social Security taxes for 2022, while the Medicare tax applies to all of your earnings.

How much tax does a self-employed person owe?

Self-employment tax applies to self-employed people who earned more than $400 during the year. The self-employment tax rate — a combination of Social Security and Medicare taxes — is 15.3% for 2023 and 2024. You’ll use Schedule C to calculate net earnings and Schedule SE to calculate how much tax you owe.

How do I calculate self-employment tax?

However, you figure self-employment tax (SE tax) yourself using Schedule SE (Form 1040 or 1040-SR). Also, you can deduct the employer-equivalent portion of your SE tax in figuring your adjusted gross income. Wage earners cannot deduct Social Security and Medicare taxes. The self-employment tax rate is 15.3%.

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