What Percentage Does the IRS Take? Understanding Federal Income Tax Brackets

Navigating the complexities of the US tax system can be a daunting task, especially when it comes to understanding how much the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) takes from your hard-earned income. To simplify this process, the IRS has established a set of tax brackets that determine the percentage of tax you owe based on your taxable income and filing status.

Federal Income Tax Brackets for 2023 and 2024

For both 2023 and 2024, the federal income tax brackets are as follows:

Filing Status Income Range Tax Rate
Single $0 – $11,600 10%
Single $11,600 – $47,150 12%
Single $47,150 – $100,525 22%
Single $100,525 – $191,950 24%
Single $191,950 – $243,725 32%
Single $243,725 – $609,350 35%
Single $609,350+ 37%
Filing Status Income Range Tax Rate
Married Filing Jointly $0 – $23,200 10%
Married Filing Jointly $23,200 – $94,300 12%
Married Filing Jointly $94,300 – $201,050 22%
Married Filing Jointly $201,050 – $383,900 24%
Married Filing Jointly $383,900 – $487,450 32%
Married Filing Jointly $487,450 – $731,200 35%
Married Filing Jointly $731,200+ 37%
Filing Status Income Range Tax Rate
Married Filing Separately $0 – $11,600 10%
Married Filing Separately $11,600 – $47,150 12%
Married Filing Separately $47,150 – $100,525 22%
Married Filing Separately $100,525 – $191,950 24%
Married Filing Separately $191,950 – $243,725 32%
Married Filing Separately $243,725 – $365,600 35%
Married Filing Separately $365,600+ 37%
Filing Status Income Range Tax Rate
Head of Household $0 – $16,550 10%
Head of Household $16,550 – $63,100 12%
Head of Household $63,100 – $100,500 22%
Head of Household $100,500 – $191,950 24%
Head of Household $191,950 – $243,700 32%
Head of Household $243,700 – $609,350 35%
Head of Household $609,350+ 37%

How to Determine Your Tax Bracket

To determine which tax bracket you fall into, you need to calculate your taxable income. This is your total income minus any eligible deductions and exemptions. Once you have your taxable income, you can refer to the tax brackets for your filing status to find the corresponding tax rate.

Effective Tax Rate vs. Marginal Tax Rate

It’s important to note that the tax rate you pay is not necessarily the same as your effective tax rate. Your effective tax rate is the percentage of your total income that you pay in taxes. This can be lower than your marginal tax rate, which is the tax rate applied to the last dollar of your taxable income.

Tips for Reducing Your Tax Liability

While the IRS takes a significant portion of your income, there are strategies you can employ to reduce your tax liability:

  • Maximize deductions: Take advantage of all eligible deductions, such as mortgage interest, charitable contributions, and state and local taxes.
  • Contribute to retirement accounts: Contributions to traditional IRAs and 401(k) plans reduce your taxable income.
  • Use tax credits: Tax credits directly reduce your tax bill, unlike deductions which reduce your taxable income.
  • Consider itemizing your deductions: If your itemized deductions exceed the standard deduction, you may save money by itemizing.
  • Seek professional advice: A tax professional can help you navigate the complexities of the tax code and identify additional ways to reduce your tax liability.

Understanding the federal income tax brackets and how they apply to your specific situation is crucial for effective tax planning. By optimizing your deductions, utilizing tax credits, and seeking professional advice, you can minimize the percentage of your income that the IRS takes, leaving more money in your pocket.

How to estimate your personal income taxes


What percentage does IRS take from paycheck?

Your federal income tax withholdings are based on your income and filing status. For 2022, the federal income tax brackets are 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35%, and 37%. Regardless of your situation, you’ll need to complete a W-4 and submit it to your employer.

What percentage does the IRS take out?

The U.S. currently has seven federal income tax brackets, with rates of 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35% and 37%. If you’re one of the lucky few to earn enough to fall into the 37% bracket, that doesn’t mean that the entirety of your taxable income will be subject to a 37% tax. Instead, 37% is your top marginal tax rate.

How much does the IRS take from you?

The IRS determines your exempt amount using your filing status, pay period and number of dependents. For example, if you’re single with no dependents and make $1,000 every two weeks, the IRS can take up to $538 of your check each pay period.

What percentage do you pay the IRS?

Tax rate
on taxable income from . . .
up to . . .

How much tax do you pay if you are single?

Estimate your tax rate with our tax bracket calculator. Say you’re single with no dependents, and your taxable income is $9,000. Your marginal tax rate, according to the Federal Income Brackets chart above, is 10%. You pay $900 in income tax. That’s simple. What if your taxable income is $19,000?

How do income tax rates work?

Here are the basics on how income tax rates work. An income tax rate is simply the percentage of your income that a government takes in taxes.

How much tax do you pay if your taxable income increases?

However, as taxable income increases, you are subject to tax rates of 12, 22, 24, 32, 35, or 37 percent with the higher rates only applying to the higher portions of your income. People generally refer to the range of taxable income for each tax rate as a “tax bracket.”

What is an effective tax rate?

There are seven federal income tax rates and brackets in 2023 and 2024: 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35% and 37%. Taxable income and filing status determine which federal tax rates apply to you, and how much in taxes you’ll owe that year.

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